People with dyslexia do not all have the same characteristics but the following are the most common:

The following document provides in detail each difficulties, and the performance of dyslexic students during tests and examinations

Phonemic Awareness

The renowned researchers at the National Institutes of Health say the following:

“Phonemic awareness is more highly related to learning to read… than tests of general intelligence, reading readiness, and listening comprehension.”

Persons with phonemic awareness difficulties have challenges in distinguishing between or manipulating the different sounds that make up syllables or spoken words. They are therefore unable to perform the following exercises:

Phoneme segmentation

E.g.: What sounds can we hear in the word “bag”? – What is the last sound in the word “sea”?

Phoneme elimination

E.g.: What word would remain if we removed the sound /r/ from the word ‘roar’?

Phoneme comparison and association

E.g.: Do the words ‘glue’ and ‘gap’ start with the same sound?

Phoneme numbering

E.g.: How many sounds are there in the word ‘arm’?

Phoneme replacement

E.g.: What word do we get when we replace the /p/ sound in the word ‘papa’ with the /m/ sound?

Sound integration

E.g.: What word do we get if we put together the sounds /p/, /a/ and /r/?


E.g.: Find the most words you can that rhyme with ‘wall’.

Need to know more?

Want to learn more about dyslexia? Whether it is about dyslexia at work or at school or even to learn a second language you will have more about how to screening, consulting our information documents. Enjoy!